Nordic Perspectives on Open Science <p>A Nordic journal on all aspects of Open Science, relevant for or originating in the Nordic and Baltic countries.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ul> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</li> <li>When self-archiving after the article has been published, please use the published version of the article.</li> </ul> (Aysa Ekanger) (Septentrio Academic Publishing) Tue, 04 Apr 2023 13:57:53 +0200 OJS 60 Beware of predatory publishing – but also of low-quality blacklists <p>We should be wary of low-quality journals and predatory OA publishing. But we should also know which sources’ judgement to trust. Is the new website Predatory Reports a trustworthy source of information?</p> Jan Erik Frantsvåg Copyright (c) 2023 Jan Erik Frantsvåg Tue, 04 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +0200 An offer the journal couldn’t refuse <p>The article describes a two-year project (running from 2021 to 2022) that worked on getting Danish Open Access journals indexed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). The project was run in partnership by Copenhagen Business School (CBS Library), Royal Danish Library and Aalborg University Library, in close collaboration with DOAJ. All of the journals that participated are hosted on the libraries’ Open Journal Systems (OJS). In this article the authors demonstrate some of the challenges the journals and the project group faced in the inclusion process and in the assistance the project provided, as well as learning outcomes and perspectives.</p> Claus Rosenkrantz Hansen, Jesper Boserup Thestrup, Rasmus Rindom Riise, Rie Karen Marie Iversen, Solveig Sandal Johnsen Copyright (c) 2023 Claus Rosenkrantz Hansen, Jesper Boserup Thestrup, Rasmus Rindom Riise, Rie Karen Marie Iversen, Solveig Sandal Johnsen Mon, 12 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Alchemists needed, to transform bronze to gold! <p>Much Bronze OA is of little interest from an OA point of view, but there is a subset of Bronze that has potential to be converted to Diamond OA. This is the kind of Bronze where the lack of a formal OA status is not due to economic considerations, but lack of resources and/or competence.</p> Jan Erik Frantsvåg Copyright (c) 2022 Jan Erik Frantsvåg Tue, 13 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Two novices' impressions from the PKP Sprint in Helsinki, 15th–16th of June 2022 <p>The present paper is a brief overview of our impressions of the PKP Sprint in Helsinki, 15<sup>th</sup>–16<sup>th</sup> of June 2022. Main focus will be on the groups where we were present. We hope the paper can be of use for those who have not yet attended a PKP sprint, and maybe an encouragement to sign up when there is a chance.</p> John David Didriksen, Rune Nilssen Copyright (c) 2022 John David Didriksen, Rune Nilssen Fri, 09 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Some pitfalls of OA discussions – an opinion piece <p>This is an attempt to vent some frustrations accumulated over 25 years of following – and participating in – OA debates.</p> Jan Erik Frantsvåg Copyright (c) 2021 Jan Erik Frantsvåg Tue, 21 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Introducing level X in the Norwegian Publication Indicator Vidar Røeggen Copyright (c) 2021 Vidar Røeggen Tue, 21 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0100 An Open Science Roadmap for Swedish Higher Education Institutions <p>In the spring of 2021, a <em>National Open Science Roadmap</em> for Swedish Higher Education Institutions (HEI) was adopted by The Association of Swedish HEIs. The roadmap’s eight principles aim to guide the HEIs’ development of local structures and processes, speed up their concrete actions and encourage their collaboration in the shift to Open Science. The recommendations are concentrated on specific measures for open access to research data and research publications at HEIs. The primary target group for the roadmap is university management at Swedish HEIs. In the spring of 2022 the roadmap is to be supplemented by an action plan for Open Science.</p> Sabina Anderberg Copyright (c) 2022 Sabina Anderberg Fri, 06 May 2022 00:00:00 +0200 The Research Data Alliance in Norway <p>The Research Data Alliance (RDA) is a neutral international network aiming at promoting data sharing and data-driven research. The efforts of RDA are organized in a number of groups, including national nodes, where contributors work together to develop and adopt approaches that foster the uptake of standards and good practice of research data management through all stages of the data lifecycle. Since 2019, Norway has had its national RDA group.</p> <p>This article gives a short introduction to the Norwegian RDA group. In section 1 we provide some background information about RDA. Section 2 describes the Norwegian RDA group, including its background and organisational structure, as well as past and future activities.</p> Philipp Conzett, Trond Kvamme Copyright (c) 2021 Philipp Conzett, Trond Kvamme Tue, 20 Apr 2021 00:00:00 +0200 A brief saga about open access books <p>Monographs and academic books are increasingly becoming a focus point in the open access debate and policy developments. This article gives a personal account of the rationale behind open access book publishing and open infrastructures for books. It elaborates on the need for collaboration between the actors in the community in order to sustain open access book publishing to the benefit of the scholarly community and the public at large.</p> Niels Stern Copyright (c) 2021 Niels Stern Thu, 18 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Unholy goals and flawed methods <p>A problematic practice has evolved, which is threatening to undermine research in the social sciences and humanities. Bibliometrics is often claimed to be able to measure researchers’ efficiency. We find this quite problematic and, in this article, we illustrate this point by discussing two different bibliometric practices. One is the so-called h-index, the other the so-called BFI-points (Den bibliometriske Forskningsindikator, The Bibliometric Research Indicator). The BFI was <em>never</em> intended to be used for evaluating individual researchers and their productivity. Yet since its introduction in 2008 especially the social sciences and the humanities experience a pressure to deliver “BFI points” and academic job advertisements within the social sciences and the humanities increasingly mention expectations for people’s past and/or future production of BFI points. <br>The h-index is even more problematic because no one academic database covers all the research publications in the world. The whole thing is completely disorganized, and as many as five different h-indexes exist for each researcher. What makes the h-index even more useless is that it will not let you make comparisons across disciplines. Furthermore, like other simple measurements, it is liable to be manipulated and misinterpreted. On that background, it is remarkable that numbers extracted from incomplete databases are used for describing the quality of researchers and their institutions.</p> Charlotte Wien, Bertil Fabricius Dorch Copyright (c) 2020 Charlotte Wien, Bertil Fabricius Dorch Fri, 13 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Some highlights from the PKP 2019 International Scholarly Publishing Conference <p>This an overview of the PKP 2019 International Scholarly Publishing Conference that took place at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (Spain) on November 20–22, 2019.</p> Trude Eikebrokk, Aysa Ekanger, Katherine Fonn, Jan Erik Frantsvåg, Obiajulu Odu Copyright (c) 2019 Trude Eikebrokk, Aysa Ekanger, Katherine Fonn, Jan Erik Frantsvåg, Obiajulu Odu Mon, 30 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Impressions from the 14th Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing 2019 <p>The 14th Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing 2019 took place at UiT The Arctic University of Norway on November 27–28, 2019.&nbsp; This short article reports some impressions from the conference. The full materials of the conference, including presentation slides and video recordings are available at <a href=""></a>.</p> Anna Mette Morthorst Copyright (c) 2019 Anna Mette Morthorst Fri, 27 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Norwegian Read & Publish agreements – an overview <p>During the course of 2019, Unit (the Norwegian Directorate for ICT and Joint Services in Higher Education &amp; Research), who acts as the Norwegian coordinator of Open Access and licence negotiations, landed Open Access agreements with the four major academic publishers. This article gives an overview of the key elements in the agreements with Wiley, Elsevier, Springer Nature and Taylor &amp; Francis.</p> Lene Ottesen Copyright (c) 2019 Lene Ottesen Thu, 19 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Implementation of Open Science in Lithuania <p>The number of open science policies being adopted in Europe by universities and research institutions is constantly increasing, however many European countries face difficulties while implementing open science practically. This publication reveals the Lithuanian landscape of open science policies and institutional involvement in open science practices. Prerequisites for sustainable and consistent open science implementation such as open science infrastructure, incentives for researchers, research assessment, and repositories' compliance with EC requirements on a national level are discussed.</p> Rasa Dovidonytė Copyright (c) 2019 Rasa Dovidonytė Wed, 21 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0200 Need for a change in scientific publishing <p>Outsourcing of scientific publishing to scientific journals is problematic, both economically and academically. It is expensive, slow, non-transparent, unbalanced and excluding. Academic library subscriptions contribute substantially to the publishing companies’ 30-40% profit. There is general consensus that scientific reports should be openly accessible on the Internet. This is generally not the case with articles published in the traditional scientific journals. Open access journals are multiplying fast, but many are of questionable quality. Although open access publishing is less expensive than journal subscription, the article processing charges (APC) of open access journals are still high (up to 5,000 USD) and should be reduced. Science is expensive, scientific publishing should not be expensive.</p><p>The impression the present system, with its editors and anonymous reviewers, conveys of quality and objectivity, is partly an illusion. The basis for decision on manuscripts is too thin and the balance of power is too uneven.</p>Instead of a complicated fallible system, a simple fallible system is suggested: web-based, indexed and searchable repositories funded and organized by accountable and non-profit institutions/organizations where researchers may upload reports that have been thoroughly reviewed by and are supported by one or more competent, impartial, unbiased and named expert peers chosen by the authors themselves. After publication, reports may be further openly evaluated and commented online by named researchers in the field. Article processing charges should be moderate. Such a system would be simple, reasonable, fast, transparent, balanced, including, efficient, and adequately quality secured. Steinar Risnes Copyright (c) 2018 Steinar Risnes Tue, 04 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0100 Offsetting: no big deal? In this paper I will discuss offsetting deals from their impact on accessibility, affordability to research results and on the possible development of scientific communication towards new modes and methods. I will look at the Swedish National Consortia’s offsetting deals as a specific case study.<div><br clear="all" /><hr align="left" size="1" width="33%" /><p> </p></div> Jörgen Eriksson Copyright (c) 2018 Jörgen Eriksson Wed, 30 May 2018 00:00:00 +0200 Moving towards open science? Conference report: the 9th Conference on Open Access Scholarly Publishing, Lisbon, September 20–21, 2017 <div id="articleAbstract">The Conference on Open Access Scholarly Publishing, COASP, is held annually with the aim of reaching professional publishing organizations, independent publishers and university presses, as well as librarians, university administrators and other stakeholders. Here, we outline some themes and highlights from this year’s conference.</div><div> </div> Jörgen Eriksson, Christer Lagvik, Emma Nolin Copyright (c) 2017 Jörgen Eriksson, Christer Lagvik, Emma Nolin Tue, 02 Jan 2018 00:00:00 +0100 Benefits of open access articles for industry <p>In this short article, benefits of open access articles for industry are discussed from the point of view of the industry as both the authors and readers of open access articles. Open access articles unlock the barrier to share knowledge and experiences and building collaboration – all of which are crucial for an industry that wishes to make a global impact for a sustainable future.</p> Tita Alissa Bach, Bobbie Ray-Sannerud Copyright (c) 2017 Tita Alissa Bach, Bobbie Ray-Sannerud Fri, 01 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0100 Summary and thoughts from a conference – attending the 7th Conference on Open Access Scholarly Publishing The Conference on Open Access Scholarly Publishing, COASP, is held annually with the aim of reaching professional publishing organizations, independent publishers and university presses, as well as librarians, university administrators and other stakeholders. Here, we outline some themes and highlights from this year’s conference. Jörgen Eriksson, Helena Stjernberg, Aina Svensson Copyright (c) 2015 Jörgen Eriksson, Helena Stjernberg, Aina Svensson Thu, 10 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0100 Welcome to Nordic Perspectives on Open Science Jan Erik Frantsvåg Copyright (c) 2015 Jan Erik Frantsvåg Fri, 23 Oct 2015 00:00:00 +0200 A new funding model and improved infrastructure for the Finnish Open Access journals <p>A new project launched by the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies and the National Library of Finland will be looking for ways to make Open Access publishing more viable for the Finnish scholarly journals. Most of the journals are published by small learned societies with modest resources. The project will investigate potential new funding models for the OA journals and develop improved technological infrastructure for them.</p> Jyrki Ilva, Johanna Lilja Copyright (c) 2015 Jyrki Ilva, Johanna Lilja Fri, 23 Oct 2015 00:00:00 +0200 Crystals of Knowledge Production. An Intercontinental Conversation about Open Science and the Humanities <p>In this article two scholars engage in a conversation about open access and open science in research communication with a specific focus on the Humanities. </p><p>The two scholars have very different points of departure. Whereas Jean-Claude Guedón has been a professor of Literature in North-America for many years and part of the open access movements since its beginning, Thomas Wiben Jensen is in the early part of his carreer and fairly new to the concept of open access. </p><p>The conversation begins with a focus on the Danish national strategy for open access and this strategy's consquenses for the journal NyS where Thomas Wiben is part of the editorial board. However, the conversation brings the reader on an unexpected journey through the history of science communication and through alternative ways of understanding knowledge production as frozen moments or crystals in the Great Conversation of science.</p><p>It is the hope of the editor and the contributors that the conversation can lead to a debate about innovative ways of communicating and distributing scientific results. </p> Niels Stern, Jean-Claude Guédon, Thomas Wiben Jensen Copyright (c) 2015 Niels Stern, Jean-Claude Guédon, Thomas Wiben Jensen Fri, 23 Oct 2015 00:00:00 +0200 Open, transparent and honest – the way we practice research <p>This paper makes the case for Open Science as a means to support and practice Responsible Conduct of Research. Responsible and ethical research practices imply research integrity in terms of transparency, honesty and accountability in all parts of research, being it when attaining funding for research, collecting and analyzing research data, collaborating on research, performing scholarly communication, e.g. authoring and disseminating research etc. Likewise, the topics normally associated with Open Science directly support responsible conduct and in fact, one can argue that Open Science is a ubiquitous prerequisite for good research practice.</p> Bertil Fabricius Dorch Copyright (c) 2015 Bertil Fabricius Dorch Fri, 23 Oct 2015 00:00:00 +0200