Alchemists needed, to transform bronze to gold!




Bronze OA, Gold OA, Professional societies, Open access


Much Bronze OA is of little interest from an OA point of view, but there is a subset of Bronze that has potential to be converted to Diamond OA. This is the kind of Bronze where the lack of a formal OA status is not due to economic considerations, but lack of resources and/or competence.


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Author Biography

Jan Erik Frantsvåg, UiT The Arctic University of Norway

Jan Erik Frantsvåg is an Academic Librarian and Open Access Adviser at UiT The Arctic University of Norway. An OA advocate since 1996, he has worked on various aspects of OA, including doing research on OA publishing.


Archambault, E., Amyot, D., Deschamps, P., Nicol, A., Rebout, L., & Roberge, G. (2013). Proportion of Open Access Peer-Reviewed Papers at the European and World Levels—2004-2011. Retrieved from Montréal:

Frantsvåg, J. E. (2014). Oh No – Not Yet Another Small, Stand-Alone Humanities Journal! (2014 edition). Paper presented at the Rushing to Revolution? Open Access Models for Humanities Journals, Utrecht University Library/Tijdschrift voor tijdschrift­studies. Presentation retrieved from

Piwowar, H., Priem, J., Larivière, V., Alperin, J. P., Matthias, L., Norlander, B., . . . Haustein, S. (2018). The state of OA: a large-scale analysis of the prevalence and impact of Open Access articles. PeerJ, 6. doi: DOI:

Suber, P. (2008, 02.08.2008). Gratis and libre open access. SPARC Open Access Newsletter. Retrieved from




How to Cite

Frantsvåg, Jan Erik. 2022. “Alchemists needed, to transform bronze to gold!”. Nordic Perspectives on Open Science 7 (September).